The herd hung out near our house the other day, and I stalked them with my long lens. First, I focused on the biggest bull elk who is still with the herd. The biggest bulls go off on their own in small bachelor herds.
He also stood tall over a much younger bull elk - a "spike".
The cows outnumbered the bulls by at least 10 to 1.
It is said that the elder cows are in charge of the herd. One lead cow decides where the herd should go and the route that they should take.
The less mature cow elk just clown around!
I have some footage from a trail cam that has been within an elk herd a few times this winter which I'll share soon. As a hint, what I love about the video is it demonstrates how vocal elk are. They seem to constantly be talking among themselves, especially at night when there are no humans around to hear them.